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Parole Board of Canada

The Parole Board of Canada(PBC) is an agency of Public Safety Canada. The Board is an independent administrative tribunal that has exclusive authority under the Corrections and Conditional Release Act to grant, deny, cancel, terminate or revoke day parole and full parole.

The Board is also responsible for making decisions to grant, deny and revoke criminal record suspensions under the Criminal Records Act and the Criminal Code of Canada.

The Corrections and Conditional Release Act

The Parole Board of Canada derives its authority from the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and its regulations. The Board has exclusive authority to make conditional release decisions, such as day parole and full parole, for offenders serving sentences of two years or more in federal and territorial institutions and for provincially sentenced offenders serving a sentence of less than two years in provinces, such as British Columbia, with no parole boards. It is the responsibility of the Parole Board of Canada, in accordance with legislated criteria, to determine whether or not to grant conditional release.

Parole is a type of conditional release. It contributes to the protection of society by allowing some offenders to serve part of their sentence in the community under the supervision of a Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) parole officer, and subject to conditions. If the conditions of parole are not met, the Board has the power to revoke the parole and return the offender to prison.

On referral from the Correctional Service of Canada, the Parole Board of Canada may also make, in specific cases where the legal criteria are met, decisions to order offenders eligible for statutory release to be detained in prison until the end of their sentence.

The Parole Board of Canada maintains a close working relationship with the Correctional Service of Canada which provides case preparation for hearings, case management and community supervision of offenders.

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